Sociology代写-LECTURE 11
时间:2021-04-07
LECTURE 11
FINAL TEST REVIEW
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY II – SOC150H
MARCH 31ST, 2021
FINAL REVIEW LECTURE
• Admin
• Test Format
• Question Design
• Sample Questions
• Study Tips
• Part 2 in a separate lecture video:
• SOC150 Overview
2
COURSE EVALUATIONS
• Course evaluations are now open
• It is important for you to share your thoughts and opinions about the course
• I highly value getting your feedback. It is important for me to get an idea of what went
well with the course, as well as what could be improved for my future classes
• I will provide an additional 2% BONUS POINTS added
to the final mark of everyone in the class if over 70% of
the class submits a course evaluation
• The evaluations are already open, and will be
available until April 12th
3
ADMIN
• Activity Prompt 10 due tonight (March 31st) by 11:59pm
• Evicted Assignment due April 5th by 11:59pm
• Final Evicted Assignment Office Hours: April 5th from 10am-12pm (my Zoom details on Quercus)
• Email assistance not guaranteed over the weekend
• Peer Contributions due next Monday April 5th
• Course Material Discussion boards close Friday April 2nd
• 5 posts made throughout the term
• Multiple on the same day is OK (but not all 5)
• Some points deducted if all posts made in final week
4
RESOURCES UP TO THE FINAL TEST
• Lectures & readings will remain online and available
• Discussion Boards about course assessments will remain open until April 16th
• General Questions
• Evicted Assignment Questions
• Final Assessment Questions (new discussion thread)
• Office Hours: 3:30-5:30pm, Wednesdays (same Zoom link)
• March 31st
• April 7th
• April 14th
5
FINAL TEST: 40% OF FINAL MARK
• Opens on Thursday April 15th at 2pm (Quizzes section on Quercus for SOC150)
• Available for 24 hours to complete
• Timer for 100 minutes to complete
• Timer begins as you open the test; can be accessed multiple times within 100 minutes
• Cumulative test, includes all lectures and readings (except Evicted book)
• 60 Multiple Choice questions
• Questions from both the readings and lectures
6
7A NOTE
ABOUT
ACADEMIC
INTEGRITY
• You will see this at the top of the test:
• In submitting a quiz/test, the expectation is that your conduct during the
assessment adheres to the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters and
that you have not acted in such a way that would constitute cheating,
misrepresentation, or unfairness, including but not limited to using
unauthorized aids and assistance, impersonating another person, and
committing plagiarism.
• In some ways, this IS an open book test
• It is impossible for us to use surveillance while you write.
• BUT, this test is ISN’T an open book test
• Most students interpret “open book” as meaning there is less
pressure to prepare and that time is plentiful. Don’t rely on this
(false) thinking.
• The questions are designed to reward students who have studied and
not reward students that haven’t studied.
• The test log indicates when you navigate away from the test-taking
page; students who do a lot of this are usually those who run out of
time and are not well-prepared; their answers are absent or
ineffective. Instead, study!
CLOSED-BOOK TEST
• No monitoring software will be used
• Questions are randomly assigned from a test bank of 120 questions
• Chosen from questions for each lecture week
• Answer order randomized
• Questions will be viewed one at a time, no moving back
• You will not be able to submit your final test after 2pm on Friday April 16th
• Test will close automatically: answered questions will be counted
• I will be available all day if you have any questions or concerns during the test
• But not available overnight
8
HOW MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS ARE
DESIGNED
• Any test aims to determine what you have learned
• Asking you to recall what you know
• The best questions are based on comprehension (understanding) rather than memorization
• The hardest questions make connections between concepts, and across lectures, to ask you
something you may not have connected during the course
• Range of question difficulty
• Statistics run on Question Effectiveness:
• Measures chances of getting question correct in relation to test mark
• Questions with low measurements will be removed from the test
9
SAMPLE QUESTIONS
• Practice questions with answers
• Pause video to view the question after I read it
• Try to answer the question yourself!
• Subsequent slide explains the logic behind the question
• Sample questions apply to first half of the course (to refresh your memory!)
• The Final Assessment Questions will resemble these kinds of questions
10
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Esther designs a survey to study the relationship between friendship and happiness. More
specifically, she wants to study whether having more friends, makes people happier. In this case,
happiness is:
• a) the dependent variable
• b) the independent variable
• c) an invalid measure
• d) an unreliable measure
11
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Esther designs a survey to study the relationship between friendship and happiness. More
specifically, she wants to study whether having more friends, makes people happier. In this case,
happiness is:
• a) the dependent variable
• b) the independent variable
• c) an invalid measure
• d) an unreliable measure
12
SAMPLE QUESTION
• In order to understand the experiences of first-year university students, a researcher developed a
large random sample of students to interview. He ensured the sample was representative of the
diversity within the general student population. By doing so, what error of inquiry has the
researcher managed to avoid?
• a) selective observation
• b) inaccurate observation
• c) illogical reasoning
• d) overgeneralization
13
SAMPLE QUESTION
• In order to understand the experiences of first-year university students, a researcher developed a
large random sample of students to interview. He ensured the sample was representative of the
diversity within the general student population. By doing so, what error of inquiry has the
researcher managed to avoid?
• a) selective observation
• b) inaccurate observation
• c) illogical reasoning
• d) overgeneralization
14
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Your local newspaper reports an increase in mental health issues at high schools in a small Ontario town.
Many students have been experiencing high levels of mental health issues and decreased educational
outcomes. A public inquest was held in order to gain an understanding all of the circumstances
surrounding student well-being by investigating the schools in this small Ontario town. What kind of
explanation is presented to help us understand this case?
• a) idiographic
• b) nomothetic
• c) probabilistic
• d) quantitative
15
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Your local newspaper reports an increase in mental health issues at high schools in a small Ontario town.
Many students have been experiencing high levels of mental health issues and decreased educational
outcomes. A public inquest was held in order to gain an understanding all of the circumstances
surrounding student well-being by investigating the schools in this small Ontario town. What kind of
explanation is presented to help us understand this case?
• a) idiographic
• b) nomothetic
• c) probabilistic
• d) quantitative
16
SAMPLE QUESTION
• In an attempt to research people’s level of personal well-being, Professor Jung studied 300 people
aged 65 or older. It was observed that levels of personal well-being increased from 1993 to 2013.
From this same sample, it was also concluded that people under 65 years of age were having the
same experience. Which error has been committed?
• a) the error of overgeneralization
• b) the error of inaccurate observation
• c) the error of illogical reasoning
• d) the error of selective observation
17
SAMPLE QUESTION
• In an attempt to research people’s level of personal well-being, Professor Jung studied 300 people
aged 65 or older. It was observed that levels of personal well-being increased from 1993 to 2013.
From this same sample, it was also concluded that people under 65 years of age were having the
same experience. Which error has been committed?
• a) the error of overgeneralization
• b) the error of inaccurate observation
• c) the error of illogical reasoning
• d) the error of selective observation
18
SAMPLE QUESTION
• In attempts to measure the relationship between religiosity and political affiliation, a recurring issue
is whether church attendance provides an accurate indicator of a person’ religious beliefs. Which
term does this concern relate to most directly?
• a) validity
• b) reliability
• c) predictability
• d) variability
19
SAMPLE QUESTION
• In attempts to measure the relationship between religiosity and political affiliation, a recurring issue
is whether church attendance provides an accurate indicator of a person’ religious beliefs. Which
term does this concern relate to most directly?
• a) validity
• b) reliability
• c) predictability
• d) variability
20
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Qualitative methods are associated with _______________, and quantitative methods
are associated with ____________.
• a) social sciences; natural sciences
• b) thick description; generalizability
• c) theory; epistemology
• d) subjective reality; objective reality
21
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Qualitative methods are associated with _______________, and quantitative methods
are associated with ____________.
• a) social sciences; natural sciences
• b) thick description; generalizability
• c) theory; epistemology
• d) subjective reality; objective reality
22
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Objectivity has been redefined within most of the social sciences to include all of the
following EXCEPT
• a) Objectivity is when observations are accomplished without influence from personal
values
• b) Objectivity is when a series of observation have high intersubjective reliability
• c) Objectivity is trying to find a common ground in our subjective experiences
• d) Objectivity is a conceptual attempt to get beyond our individual views
23
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Objectivity has been redefined within most of the social sciences to include all of the
following EXCEPT
• a) Objectivity is when observations are accomplished without influence from
personal values
• b) Objectivity is when a series of observation have high intersubjective reliability
• c) Objectivity is trying to find a common ground in our subjective experiences
• d) Objectivity is a conceptual attempt to get beyond our individual views
24
SAMPLE QUESTION
• A researcher wants to know what factors lead to dropping out of high school. He conducts
open-ended interviews with 100 recent dropouts. Questions include the students’ self-
described reasons for why they decided not to stay in school, what their family background
was like, and the reactions from their family members at their decision (e.g. disappointment,
anger, apathy.) What is the term for the approach in this study?
• a) primarily deductive
• b) primarily inductive
• c) about equally inductive and deductive
• d) neither inductive nor deductive
25
SAMPLE QUESTION
• A researcher wants to know what factors lead to dropping out of high school. He conducts
open-ended interviews with 100 recent dropouts. Questions include the students’ self-
described reasons for why they decided not to stay in school, what their family background
was like, and the reactions from their family members at their decision (e.g. disappointment,
anger, apathy.) What is the term for the approach in this study?
• a) primarily deductive
• b) primarily inductive
• c) about equally inductive and deductive
• d) neither inductive nor deductive
26
SAMPLE QUESTION
• While doing research on crime, Professor Welsh noted that crime creates jobs in law
enforcement and related careers. She also noticed that crime reinforces norms when
criminals are caught and punished. Which approach to the study of crime has Professor
Welsh probably adopted?
• a) conflict theory
• b) symbolic interactionism
• c) structural functionalism
• d) ethnomethodology
27
SAMPLE QUESTION
• While doing research on crime, Professor Welsh noted that crime creates jobs in law
enforcement and related careers. She also noticed that crime reinforces norms when
criminals are caught and punished. Which approach to the study of crime has Professor
Welsh probably adopted?
• a) conflict theory
• b) symbolic interactionism
• c) structural functionalism
• d) ethnomethodology
28
SAMPLE QUESTION
• A researcher is working with a population of hospital patients to determine the outcome
of a new program on happiness. When she disseminates the questionnaires, she
specifically asks that respondents not put their names on the sheet. What is she
protecting?
• a) confidentiality
• b) informed consent
• c) voluntariness
• d) anonymity
29
SAMPLE QUESTION
• A researcher is working with a population of hospital patients to determine the outcome
of a new program on happiness. When she disseminates the questionnaires, she
specifically asks that respondents not put their names on the sheet. What is she
protecting?
• a) confidentiality
• b) informed consent
• c) voluntariness
• d) anonymity
30
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Which of the following might be an example of a subject suitable for micro theoretical
research?
• a) the impact on children who witness spousal violence in their home
• b) the effect of governmental funding for drug rehabilitation on overdose deaths
• c) electoral participation rates among Canadian youth
• d) levels of dropout among different universities across the country
31
SAMPLE QUESTION
• Which of the following might be an example of a subject suitable for micro theoretical
research?
• a) the impact on children who witness spousal violence in their home
• b) the effect of governmental funding for drug rehabilitation on overdose deaths
• c) electoral participation rates among Canadian youth
• d) levels of dropout among different universities across the country
32
STUDY TIPS
• One of the most valuable skills in University is learning how to learn.
• Finding different approaches to studying complex materials.
• You may begin by focusing on memorization, but is not an effective way of understanding (and
your memory can fail you!)
• Research studies on pedagogy have concluded that students who
only memorize test materials will do equally as well on the test
as those who cram all materials the night before.
• The best preparation involves identifying what you
do not know or understand.
33
STUDY TIPS
• Going over concepts, grouping concepts together (Activity Prompts include lists of concepts)
• Identify groupings where questions can be asked
• Finding connections between readings and lectures
• Identify where concepts are repeatedly mentioned, where they can apply to different lectures/readings
• Finding extensions of lecture materials in the readings
• Explaining similarities and differences between concepts
• Where connections belong or don’t belong (in methods)
• Understanding similarities between intersectional topics
• Identify major topics where questions can be asked
34
TIMING & PACE OF STUDYING
• It is important to know the limits of how much you can study in a given time
• Burnout (study fatigue) can have negative impacts on how well you do on the test.
• Take your time, and do a moderate level of studying over the next weeks days.
• It is important to know your limits on what is the optimal amount of time to study.
• You are working within constraints based on your personal life, work life, and the other courses you are
taking this semester.
• Be sure to be aware of what you have the time and ability to do, and try to plan as much time as is
reasonable for you.
35
PERSONAL WELL-BEING
• Your personal well-being is incredibly important
• Your personal well-being matters more than trying to maximize your student obligations
• Your personal well-being can have a negative impact on how you do on the test.
• Student life can be very stressful, and it is important to prioritize yourself. Be sure to get as much sleep as you
can, every night from now until the exam, eat and drink healthily, and allow yourself rests between intense study
periods.
• U of T My SSP 1-844-451-9700.
• Good 2 Talk Student Helpline1-866-925-5454.
• Gerstein Crisis Centre: 416-929-5200
• Distress Centres of Greater Toronto416-408-HELP (4357)
• Anishnawbe Health Toronto Mental Health Crisis Line 416-360-048
• St. George campus: Health and Wellness Centre(416-978-8030)
36
FINAL THOUGHTS
• Peer Contributions due next Monday, April 5th
• Discussion Boards are closing on April 2nd (last chance to post)
• Evicted Assignment due Monday, April 5th
• Final Office hours: 10am-12pm on Monday, April 5th (usual Zoom link for my office hours)
• Email assistance not guaranteed over the weekend, please email in advance or go to office hours
• Submit Course Evaluations for 2% bonus on final mark
• Any questions or concerns, please post questions on Discussion Boards
• Discussion boards for general questions will be open until April 16th
• Any questions about the course assessments, including the final
assessment, can be asked there
• Good Luck with your studying!
37


























































































































































































































































































































































































学霸联盟


essay、essay代写
essay、essay代写